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Thursday, June 25, 2020

News'Russia's presidential referendum'

News'Russia's presidential referendum'

Russia's presidential referendum: Vladimir Putin's plan to become 'life president'?

Russia is impossible without Putin. This view was expressed by the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Russian Ministry of Defense and will resonate in the voices of millions of Russians who have seen Putin as president or prime minister for decades.

And their confidence in Russian President Putin must be reaffirmed in the July 1 referendum. With the referendum amending the Russian constitution, Putin will be able to run for president for two more six-year terms.
At the age of 67, President Putin has not ruled out the possibility of running in the 2024 presidential election.
The current term of his presidency will end in 2024. Thus, if he runs in the next election, he can remain President of Russia until 2036.

The referendum will take place in Moscow's Red Square the day after Russia's Victory Day parade. 75 years ago, Russia defeated Hitler's German Nazi power in Europe during World War II.

Immediately after the end of the Corona virus lockdown in Moscow's Red Square, the military parade will surely awaken the patriotic spirit of the Russian people.
Due to the parade, the mayor of Moscow announced the removal of the lockdown a week ago. Critics say the lockdown a week ago was intended to benefit Putin.

Why the need for a referendum?

In January this year, the Russian president proposed an amendment to the country's constitution with public support.
A key point in the referendum on the amendment is to allow President Putin to run for the next two terms of two six-year terms.
The referendum was originally scheduled for April 22, but was postponed to July 1 due to a corona virus lockdown.
Due to the introduction of the social distance requirement, the referendum across Russia will be held in a total of five days from June 25 to July 1, including regions that have been severely affected by the corona virus.
Each polling station will have a limit on the number of people who can enter at the same time, and in some areas, such as Moscow, electronic voting systems have been set up.

What is Putin's plan?

Twentieth-century Russia sees only Putin as its leader.

Russia has seen him nominated for prime minister (1999), then elected president (2000-2008), then prime minister (2008-2012), and again elected president. (2012).

Although President Putin has said nowhere that he wants to run again, he has not denied it, which is now being talked about by his opponents, and former astronaut MP Valentina. So she has regularly said that she is paving the way for herself to be president for life, or at least until 2036, through this referendum.
Valentina Tereshkova added that in order to recount the presidential election, she should be counted from zero, so that she can be elected president for life.

There is public popularity for this purpose. The last time he ran in 2018, he was elected president with more than 76 percent of the vote.

The BBC's Sarah Ranzford in Moscow says she has "tried her best" to accept the proposal, saying it is the voice of the lower classes.
He also hinted that Russia has not yet made enough progress to replace the president.

"For many people, this will not be a problem," says Renzford. If some people don't like President Putin, then he is not a particularly unpopular figure. Many see him as a strong leader who stands up to the West. The fact that there is no alternative is a common theme here.

How did Putin become inevitable?

When the fall of the Berlin Wall broke out in Germany in 1989, Putin was stationed in Dresden, a lower-level KGB official.
The incident left him feeling helpless, but it left two imprints on his mind: the fear of a popular uprising, the massive public demonstrations that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall and the removal of the Iron Curtain from Eastern Europe. The end of (the iron curtain). And second, a hatred of the power vacuum in Russia that arose in Moscow after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Putin himself has revealed how he enlisted the help of KGB headquarters when he was besieged by a mob at his local office in Dresden in December 1989. At that time, Mikhail Gorbachev's Soviet Union was "completely silent."
He set fire to "controversial reports" from the KGB's local office that could have harmed his country. "We burned so much material that the furnace exploded," Putin later recalled in his book First Person, which included interviews.

According to Putin's biographer, German author Boris Wright-Schuster, "Today we would see a different kind of Russia if we had not experienced East Germany with him."

The journey to power

Returning to his hometown of Leningrad (soon renamed St. Peter's Grad), he became an important figure in the life of Putin's mayor, Anatoly Sobchak.
In a dysfunctional East Germany, Putin was part of a network of people from the former Soviet Union who had lost their appointments but returned to good places where they could gain personal and political advantage.
Putin's career began here, he survived the horrific devastation of Sobchak's illustrious political career and continued to build his relationship with Russia's new elite.
From there, he moved to Moscow, advancing on the FSB, the KGB's replacement, to the Kremlin, the Defense Ministry's headquarters.
The new president of the Russian Federation at that time was Boris Yeltsin. Because of his alliance with Russia's neo-liberals, he distanced himself from the old Communist Party. Russia's neo-liberal class had high hopes for a changing Russia.
Boris Berzewski, a businessman, has emerged as a key supporter of President Yeltsin, and when it comes to multi-party elections in Russia, he is considered a powerful figure in influencing public opinion.
President Yeltsin nominated Putin as prime minister in 1999

Accidental president

At the time, Yalson's behavior was erratic. And he abruptly announced his resignation on December 31, 1999.
With the approval of Boris Berzewski and the Russian aristocracy, Putin had already paved the way for him to become acting president. And then in the same position he won the 2000 presidential election.
Russia's new class of aristocrats and reformists, who had become Yalsen's political family, welcomed their new president: a middle-aged man from an unknown background, extremely humble.
But in the first three months of his rule, when his government was still being formed, Putin took control of the media before he could give the aristocracy and the Kremlin's old men a chance to take over.
His method also determined his style of governing.

Dispute resolution

The new president has the dual benefit of controlling the media: first, by removing all powerful critics from their strong positions, and second, by reversing the national narrative of Russian politics, from the war in Chechnya to terrorism in Moscow. Until the attacks, completely under your control.

As a result, the president's "rating" rose sharply, his political stature increased, and his image as the new Russian leader rose, and at the same time it was reaffirmed that Russia's new enemies were now Who are
Since then, narrow-minded Russians have only seen what they want to see. Most of Russia's 3,000 television channels do not broadcast news at all, and even if there is any coverage on some political issues, the government strictly checks it.

Message to all provinces: 'Don't mess with me'

Putin gradually took control of 83 regions and provinces of Russia by appointing his trusted politicians as governors. He repealed the law governing the appointment of elected governors in 2004, replacing it with the principle that the local legislature would provide a panel of three candidates, with the Russian president choosing one of them as the new governor. Will
Although his critics accuse him of 'denying democracy', his strategy has worked, especially in troubled regions such as Chechnya.

Elections in the region were restored after the 2012 pro-democracy protests, but in 2013 Putin regained direct control of them and restricted legislation in those regions and provinces.

Namely love with liberalism

Between 2001 and 2013, there were a series of demonstrations in Moscow and a few other cities called "Bolotonia demonstrations." Their demand was for transparent elections and political reform.
It was the first time since the 1990s that Russia had seen such a large demonstration.

There was also a wave of the 'Arab Spring' in neighboring countries and a few other parts of the world, reminiscent of the 1989 German protests.
Putin felt that through such demonstrations in Russia's neighboring countries, Western powers wanted to occupy territories with Russia.

A change in governance, albeit apparently, was needed, and Putin experimented with liberal ideas and reforms for a short time: decentralized governance and greater economic powers for regional and provincial governments. 
The word 'reform' was used extensively in speeches at the time, but only for a short time. As the series of protests and the threat it posed ended, so did the manipulation of liberalism.

Russia's new czar?

During his tenure, Putin revived Russia's feudal-era "recovery from Russian lands" concept, thus justifying Russia's expansionist ambitions.

In the light of this concept, it is possible to understand why the annexation of Crimea and its neighboring countries are important to it.
Many analysts, such as Arkady Ostrovsky, believe that such a modern-day "czar" could be born. The Tsar has a unique role in Russian politics that transcends party affiliations.

Putin effectively contested the last presidential election as an independent. But what will happen in 2024 after the end of his fourth term?
No one can predict the future, but Putin can plan.

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